Begum Hazrat Mahal Short Bio - Freedom Fighter

Begum Hazrat Mahal

Short Bio About Begum Hazrat Mahal - Freedom Fighter

Begum Hazrat Mahal - Short Bio About Begum Hazrat Mahal - Freedom Fighter

Begum Hazrat Mahal born on 1820, Faizabad and Hazrat Mahal is second wife of Wajid Ali Shah, They had one son Brijis Qadr and She died on 7th April 1879 in  Kathmandu, Nepal.

Let's begin the story of great freedom fighter Begum Hazrat Mahal

Begum Hazrat Mahal was a great Indian freedom-fighter who played a
major role during India's First War of independence (1857-58). She was
also known as the Begum of Awadh (Oudh) and was the wife of the
then Lucknow ruler, Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. Her maiden name was
Muhammadi Khanum, and she was bestowed the title 'Hazrat Mahal'
after the birth of their son, Birjis Qadr. Behind Begum Hazrat Mahal's
graceful nature and physical charm lay the qualities of a strong leader
and an adroit strategist, which were strongly witnessed through her
contributions to India's first struggle for independence against the

In the 1850's, when the British were ruthlessly expanding their control
across India, they came across the province of Oudh, which was then
an erstwhile seat of art, culture and literature. They eventually
annexed Oudh in 1856, exiling Nawab Wajid Ali Shah to Kolkata, thus
leaving the kingdom without a leader and in a chaotic mess. It was
then when Begum Hazrat Mahal took over the reigns, despite her
divorce from the Nawab, she took charge of the affairs of the state of

Combining strengths with the revolutionary forces of the First War of
Independence, she was soon successful in seizing Lucknow from the
British. She crowned her son as royal heir of Awadh. Named the 'Lakshmi
Bai' of Oudh, she supported fellow mutineers like Nana Saheb immensely,
counter-offered the British offers provided to great rulers like Rana Jang
Bahadur of Nepal, and greatly motivated the masses to rebel against the
British Raj. Such was her devotion and pledge to her people that the
Begum even went on to fortify the city of Lucknow against the advancing
British troops. After a long siege, Lucknow was again re-captured by the
British, forcing Hazrat Mahal to retreat in 1858. She spent the remaining
years of her life in Nepal, passing away in 1874 in Kathmandu.

Despite being an icon of India's first Freedom Struggle, Hazrat Mahal's
mausoleum lies in a misfortunate shape after vandalism and she was
forgotten at the recent centenary of the "First War of Independence" held
in Uttar Pradesh, becoming a lost hero in the pages of Indian history.
However, for her immeasurable contributions to Indian Independence, the
Government of India issued a commemorative stamp in the honor of
Begum Hazrat Mahal on 10th May, 1984.

Begum Hazrat Mahal certainly has been marginalized in history I mean you hear of Rani Lakshmi Bai do you hear of Begum Hazrat Mahal, No I think one of the reasons may be that she was a Muslim Queen maybe her religion had something to do with it in a country that has a majority community of Hindus but today what matters is that she was a freedom fighter she loved her country and her people and she fought you know for them till the end till she was pushed out of the country but I think we need to commemorate her celebrate her life much more than just erecting statues and you know issuing stamps because we need more women like her now I think she needs to be celebrated more.

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